Daily activities more problematic for older women than men

Women are more likely than men to struggle with regular daily tasks and mobility activities as they age, according to an analysis in The Lancet Health Longevity.

STIs and bacterial infection in teenage girls are the result of gender inequalities

A study assessing the impact of menstrual cups and the role of a vaginal microbiome in mitigating rates of bacterial vaginosis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), found about 10% of secondary school girls had STIs and 11% bacterial vaginosis.

Disrupted body clock and inflammatory disease linked

Cell rhythms disrupted by an irregular body clock could contribute to chronic inflammatory diseases such as heart disease and arthritis, diabetes and cancer.

School attendance could play crucial role in mental health support

Researchers found that children and young people with a neurodevelopmental disorder (ADHD and autism spectrum disorder), mental disorder, or who self-harm are more likely to miss school than their peers.

Hearing dogs significantly improve people's lives, first-ever trial shows

Research published in Trials shows that assistance dogs for those living with hearing loss have positive and far-reaching impacts.

Blood sugar history proves vital for people with diabetes who catch Covid

People with type 2 diabetes who contract Covid-19 are nearly twice as likely to go to intensive care if they have a history of poorly managed blood sugar levels, according to a study in BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care.

Children from ethnic minorities more affected by self-harming

A study in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health has found minority ethnic children and teenagers account for proportionately more A&E visits after self-harming than white children.

ASD symptoms reduced after early interventions

Pre-emptive interventions given to young children showing early signs of autism led to a statistically significant reduction in the severity of autistic behaviours.

Gut microbes may hold key to premature baby brain injury

Extremely premature babies are at substantial risk of brain injury compared with full-term babies, according to a recent study in Cell Host & Microbe.

FASD affects millions in the UK

A University of Salford study shows that 1.8% to 3.6% of young people may have fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) after being exposed to alcohol in the womb.

Could early adulthood depression lead to dementia?

A new study in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease suggests depression in early adulthood could be a risk factor for cognitive impairment, including dementia, in later life.

Reducing sugar in packaged foods could cut CVD deaths by half a million

Cutting 20% of sugar from packaged foods and 40% from drinks could prevent 2.48 million cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, slash diabetes cases by 750,000 and cut cardiovascular deaths by 490,000 over the lifetime of the adult US population, says a new study.

Orphanhood and caregiver deaths are a hidden effect of the Covid-19 pandemic

More than 860,000 children in 21 countries had been orphaned or lost a custodial grandparent as a result of Covid-19 by the end of April 2021.

New non-invasive method for diagnosing coeliac disease developed

Researchers from the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country and Ikerbasque have developed a new method of diagnosing coeliac disease using saliva. 

Smoke-free outdoor areas could reduce health risks

Governments should consider including private cars in smoke-free policies to protect child health, according to a systematic study review published in The Lancet.

Swimming may boost children’s vocabulary

A recent study by the University of Delaware suggests swimming could help improve vocabulary learning among children. 

More parents of teenagers in the US bought firearms during the pandemic

A national survey by Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens found 10% of all households with teenagers of high school age bought a firearm between March and July 2020.