Siblings of infants who die suddenly run greater risk

Siblings of infants who died suddenly and unexpectedly run 10 times the risk of dying in the same way, suggests a study published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Signs of possible diabetes can be seen decades earlier in childhood

Early signs of being more susceptible to type 2 diabetes as an adult can be seen in children as young as eight years, research has found.

Fifth of adolescents have suicidal thoughts or anxiety

A global study has found that around one in five young people aged 12 to 17 experience thoughts of suicide or anxiety.

Adolescents from deprived communities show gene regulation differences

Young adults raised in communities marked by more economic deprivation, physical dilapidation, social disconnection and danger display differences in the epigenome – the proteins and chemical compounds 
that regulate the activity of their genes.

Air pollution is a major risk for cardiovascular disease

Long-term exposure to fine particulate outdoor air pollution is a major contributor to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death, regardless of country income, a global study reveals.

Breastfeeding helps children at high risk of obesity

For those at risk of becoming obese, being exclusively breastfed as an infant can help ward off weight gain later in life, a study in PLOS Genetics has found.

Mobile devices may blunt children’s self-regulation

Children who begin using mobile and screen media devices earlier in life have lower self-regulation skills, those needed to plan, control, and monitor their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, says a study.

Could smoking-style health warnings on alcohol and snacks really work?

Health warning labels (HWLs) to reduce public consumption of alcohol and energy-dense snacks have been tested on the public.

More overweight and obese children in deprived areas

Overweight and obesity rates in children and adolescents have slightly decreased during the past decade, but risen among those in disadvantaged and deprived areas.

Early childhood antibiotics may increase risk of type 1 diabetes

Children prescribed antibiotics in the first year of life may have an increased risk of type 1 diabetes in children by age 10, new research suggests.

Full-fat dairy not linked to obesity in children

Giving children full-fat milk and dairy products will not increase the risk of obesity or heart disease, a systematic review claims.

Vitamin D lack in mothers associated with ADHD in children

Low levels of maternal vitamin D in early pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, according to a study.

Intensive care babies have greater risk of mental health problems

Children who spend time in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at birth have a higher risk of mental health issues later, regardless of birthweight.

Heavy screen use may make pre-school children less physically active

Two- and three-year-olds who spend more than three hours a day on screens are less physically active at age five than those who watch for less than an hour.

Mental health of secondary school children is getting worse

Secondary school children have worsening mental health, the latest Health behaviour in school-aged children England national report has shown.

One in four primary school children lack movement skills

A quarter of primary school children in Ireland cannot run properly and lack basic movement skills, according to a new study of more than 2000 five- to 12-year-olds.

Poverty associated with suicide risk in children and teens

Suicide rates in under-20s are higher in US counties where there is more poverty, researchers have found.

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