Calls to extend self-harm intervention to primary school children

Three per cent of more than a thousand Melbourne children reported self-harm at age 11 and 12. They had been assessed annually from the age of eight to nine (wave 1) to 11 to 12 years (wave four) . Of those who self-harmed, 64.3% were females and 35.7% were males.

Genetic risk of hypertension linked to pre-eclampsia

Researchers have found that the genetic predisposition to hypertension and increased BMI is related to the risk of pre-eclampsia.

PTSD suicide rates uncovered, and women are most at risk

Women with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are nearly seven times more likely than other women to die by suicide, research has found.

Cancer rates rise in adolescents and young adults

Over more than four decades, cancer cases have risen by 29.6% in adolescents and young adults (aged 15 to 39), a study has found.

Covid-19 threatens perinatal mental health

More than one in three (36.4%) pregnant women and those who had recently given birth reported clinically significant levels of depression between May and August this year.

Parents shouldn’t worry about babies’ inconsistent sleep

Sleep consolidation should be viewed by parents as a ‘continuous and dynamic process’, rather than a milestone to be achieved at a specific age, according to a study in Sleep Medicine.

Covid strikes third sector

Covid-19 has hit charities hard, halting fundraising activities and disrupting services, while need continues to rocket. Journalist Juliette Astrup explores the impact and how charities are adapting.

Frontline staff three times as likely to get Covid-19 despite PPE

Frontline healthcare workers with adequate PPE have a threefold increased risk of a positive Covid-19 test compared with the general population, a study in The Lancet Public Health has found.

Stress and anxiety: the price of lockdown

In the first study to look at people’s coping styles during lockdown (17 to 26 April 2020), researchers confirmed that health anxieties were heightened, and those in vulnerable groups were more distressed as a result.

Siblings of infants who die suddenly run greater risk

Siblings of infants who died suddenly and unexpectedly run 10 times the risk of dying in the same way, suggests a study published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Signs of possible diabetes can be seen decades earlier in childhood

Early signs of being more susceptible to type 2 diabetes as an adult can be seen in children as young as eight years, research has found.

Fifth of adolescents have suicidal thoughts or anxiety

A global study has found that around one in five young people aged 12 to 17 experience thoughts of suicide or anxiety.

Adolescents from deprived communities show gene regulation differences

Young adults raised in communities marked by more economic deprivation, physical dilapidation, social disconnection and danger display differences in the epigenome – the proteins and chemical compounds 
that regulate the activity of their genes.

Air pollution is a major risk for cardiovascular disease

Long-term exposure to fine particulate outdoor air pollution is a major contributor to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death, regardless of country income, a global study reveals.

Breastfeeding helps children at high risk of obesity

For those at risk of becoming obese, being exclusively breastfed as an infant can help ward off weight gain later in life, a study in PLOS Genetics has found.

Mobile devices may blunt children’s self-regulation

Children who begin using mobile and screen media devices earlier in life have lower self-regulation skills, those needed to plan, control, and monitor their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, says a study.

Could smoking-style health warnings on alcohol and snacks really work?

Health warning labels (HWLs) to reduce public consumption of alcohol and energy-dense snacks have been tested on the public.

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