Siblings of infants who die suddenly run greater risk

Siblings of infants who died suddenly and unexpectedly run 10 times the risk of dying in the same way, suggests a study published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Signs of possible diabetes can be seen decades earlier in childhood

Early signs of being more susceptible to type 2 diabetes as an adult can be seen in children as young as eight years, research has found.

Fifth of adolescents have suicidal thoughts or anxiety

A global study has found that around one in five young people aged 12 to 17 experience thoughts of suicide or anxiety.

Adolescents from deprived communities show gene regulation differences

Young adults raised in communities marked by more economic deprivation, physical dilapidation, social disconnection and danger display differences in the epigenome – the proteins and chemical compounds 
that regulate the activity of their genes.

Air pollution is a major risk for cardiovascular disease

Long-term exposure to fine particulate outdoor air pollution is a major contributor to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death, regardless of country income, a global study reveals.

Breastfeeding helps children at high risk of obesity

For those at risk of becoming obese, being exclusively breastfed as an infant can help ward off weight gain later in life, a study in PLOS Genetics has found.

Mobile devices may blunt children’s self-regulation

Children who begin using mobile and screen media devices earlier in life have lower self-regulation skills, those needed to plan, control, and monitor their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, says a study.

Breastfeeding and frequency of pregnancy may reduce risk of early menopause

Women who breastfed their infants for seven to 12 months may have a significantly lower risk of early menopause than those who breastfed for less than a month. 

Premature babies at higher risk of diabetes

Babies born before 37 weeks are at an increased risk of developing type 1 and type 2 diabetes, a study says.

Pregnant smokers are more likely to develop diabetes

Pregnant women who smoke increase their risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus, research shows.

Living near a busy road can stunt children’s lung growth

If you live within 50 metres of a major road, your risk of developing lung cancer may increase by up to 10%.

Are C-section babies really more likely to grow up obese?

Women who have caesarean sections are no more likely to have children who develop obesity than women who give birth naturally, a large study has found.

TV habit linked to obesity in children

Watching television had the strongest association with being overweight and obese, say researchers.

Young mothers have greater risk of children with autism

Age at first birth is ‘strongly associated’ with a greater chance of having a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to new research.

BMI and university degree predict adolescent obesity

The BMI of mother and child and the mother’s education are the three simple predictors of a child being overweight or obese by the time they are a teenager.

Eating fish reduces risk of child eczema and asthma

Children should be introduced to fish or cod liver oil from about a year old, research suggests, after showing that those who ate fish early had a significantly reduced risk of eczema, wheezing and asthma.

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