ASD symptoms reduced after early interventions

22 November 2021

Pre-emptive interventions given to young children showing early signs of autism led to a statistically significant reduction in the severity of autistic behaviours.

The study, published in JAMA Pediatrics, also set out to answer whether pre-emptive intervention reduces the likelihood of an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis in infants showing early behavioural signs of ASD.

In a randomised clinical trial of 103 infants showing early signs of ASD, researchers found infants who received a 10-session social communication intervention had lower odds of meeting diagnostic criteria for ASD (7%) than those who received usual care (21%) at three years old.

No previous trial of an intervention given to infants before diagnosis had shown an effect on diagnostic outcomes.

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