A global rise in gout

18 September 2020

Between 1990 and 2017, the prevalence of gout – a form of arthritis characterised by severe pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints – increased around the world, reveals an analysis in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

In 2017, there were approximately 41.2 million prevalent cases of gout, with the rate of new diagnosed cases at 92 per 100,000 people, an increase of 5.5% from 1990.

Gout was found to be more common in males and with age, while the burden of the disease was generally greatest in developed regions and countries. High BMI and impaired kidney function were risk factors.

‘The increasing trend of gout burden is most likely to continue as the global ageing population is on the rise,’ said senior author Emma Smith.