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Premature babies at higher risk of diabetes

07 February 2020

Babies born before 37 weeks are at an increased risk of developing type 1 and type 2 diabetes, a study says.

Researchers carried out a national cohort study of more than four million single babies born in Sweden between 1973 and 2014 to see whether they developed type 1 or type 2 diabetes up to the end of 2015.

Being born preterm was associated with a 21% increased risk of type 1 diabetes and a 26% increased risk of type 2 diabetes in those aged less than 18 years. In young adults aged 18 to 43 years, being born preterm was associated with a 24% increased risk of type 1 diabetes and a 49% increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

The study, published in Diabetologica, concludes: ‘Children and adults who were born prematurely may need early preventive evaluation and long-term follow-up for timely detection and treatment of diabetes.’

 

Picture Credit | iStock
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