Pregnant smokers are more likely to develop diabetes

07 February 2020

Pregnant women who smoke increase their risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus, research shows.

An international research team headed by Yael Bar-Zeev at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem conducted a secondary analysis of data for 222,408 US women who gave birth between 2009 and 2015, of whom 12,897 (5.3%) were diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Researchers found that pregnant women who smoked the same or a higher number of cigarettes a day as they did before pregnancy were nearly 50% more likely to develop diabetes. Those who cut down on their number of cigarettes still had a 22% higher risk than women who never smoked or who quit smoking two years before they became pregnant.

‘It’s imperative that pregnant smokers have access to pregnancy-specific smoking cessation programs,’ concluded Bar-Zeev.

The study was published in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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