Norway: Infant gluten intake raises risk of type 1 diabetes

07 November 2019

A child’s intake of gluten at age 18 months is linked to their risk of later developing type 1 diabetes, new research suggests.

The findings, presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Barcelona, showed that a child’s gluten intake at 18 months of age was associated with an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes, with risk increasing by 46% for each extra 10g per day of gluten consumed.

But no association was found between the mother’s intake of gluten during pregnancy and type 1 diabetes in her child.

The study included 86,306 children born between 1999 and 2009. The authors estimated the amount of gluten intake from questionnaires completed at week 22 of pregnancy and when the child was 18 months old.

The authors concluded that further research is needed to establish whether there is a true causal association.

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